Corruption is a serious threat to achieving global health objectives.As Professor Taryn Vianpointed out,corruption increases the cost and decreases the availability of medicines and medical equipment,creates barriers to health services,enables the spread of fake medicines.As I argued in a previous post,corruption also undermines the trust in government that is essential to dealing with public health emergencies.The importance of training and educating public health professionals on how to identify and understand problems of corruption in health,along with how to incorporate anticorruption strategies into programs and institutions,would therefore seem quite obvious.Yet the core public health curriculum at leading graduate institutions generally does not include a serious discussion of corruption and its impacts on public health.There are exceptions–Professor Vian,for example,teacheson this topic in her courses at Boston University's School of Public Health—but for the most part corruption appears to be absent from public health course catalogs.
It's not clear why this is the case.It may be that there is a shortage of professors who are knowledgeable or willing to teach on the topic,or perhaps most graduate students do not see the value in enrolling in such a course,especially if they have not witnessed corruption firsthand.Whatever the reasons,the end result is that students graduate from public health programs with little knowledge 188bet appabout the causes and consequences of corruption in the health sector,the reasons why good governance is so important to health care systems,the best ways to prevent,detect,and report cases of corruption.This is a problem.Public health education can and should place greater emphasis on corruption (and related topics like good governance and accountability),for three main reasons:Continue reading
GAB is pleased to publish this account of the 3rdday of the trial of Equatorial Guinean Vice President TeodorinNguema Obiang by Shirley Pouget and Ken Hurwitz of the Open Society Justice Initiative.
Much of the third day of Teodorin's trial was taken up with a lengthy,and highly misleading,"explanation" by defense counsel ofUnited States of America v.One White Crystal-Covered "Bad Tour" Glove And Other Michael Jackson Memorabilia,a civil forfeiture action the US Department of Justice filed and later settled that involved property Teodorin owned in California. The Paris hearing began at 1:30 pm,Wednesday,June 22,with the three judges filing into the augustChambre des Crieésof theTribunal Correctionnelof Paris. The Presiding Judge asked the civil parties and the defense counsel to comment on the background to the case she had reviewed the preceding day.While the civil parties' counsel had little to say,the defense had much to say — little of which was accurate.Continue reading
Jonas Guterres,who previously served as an Advisor to the Anti-Corruption Commission of Timor-Leste,contributes today's guest post:
Corruption in Timor-Lesteis a chronic disease that can infiltrate almost all aspects of human life and all sectors of society.A number of mechanisms have been put in place within the nation's legal framework since its restoration of independence,culminating in the establishment of theAnti-Corruption Commission(the Comissão Anti-Corrupção,or CAC) in 2010.However,the prevalence of corruption remains high.There are a number of factors which explain why the anticorruption efforts to date remain far from ideal.Continue reading
In April 2014,a poston this blog claimed that the People's Republic of China's anticorruption campaign was reaching a turning point,and suggested that the campaign might be "significantly curtailed" in light of troubling signs of economic slowdown and strong pushback from other senior Party leaders.This prediction seemed reasonable at the time,yet more than three years later,the campaign shows no signs of winding down: Reports on senior government officials' downfalls or corrupt fugitives' repatriation from overseas still hit headlines on an almost daily basis.A recent development,however,does suggest that China's anticorruption campaign might be reaching a different sort of turning point—turning from a near-exclusive emphasis on aggressive enforcement to institutional reforms that address the root causes of corruption.
A couple months ago I was fortunate enough to hostDeltan Dallagnolfor a presentation and Q&A at Harvard Law School.Mr.Dallagnol is the lead prosecutor in Brazil's"Car Wash" investigationinto high-level corruption at Brazil's state-owned oil company (and beyond).His remarks covered not only on the investigation itself,but also the institutional,political,and legal factors that have enabled (and sometimes hindered) that investigation.Fortunately,after a few weeks' delay,Harvard Law School has made the video of the event availablehere.Mr.Dallagnol's presentation will,I hope,be of interest to many of the blog readers.
I was particularly struck by his account of the degree of autonomy his office has,both legally and politically,as well as the importance of public opinion in safeguarding that autonomy — see our exchange at 17:53-22:05.That led into another interesting exchange 188bet appabout how much prosecutors involved in anticorruption investigations should speak to the media and comment more broadly on the corruption issues and engage in political advocacy (see 22:06-27:05).
(This was all very different from what would be the norm in the U.S.,as you can see in my attempt to try to describe what the U.S.equivalent to what Mr.Dallagnol is doing in Brazil would look like,at 31:19-32:12.)
GAB is pleased to publish this account of the 2ndday of the trial of Equatorial Guinean Vice President Teodorin Obiang by Shirley Pouget and Ken Hurwitz of the Open Society Justice Initiative
The defense suffered several significant setbacks at the second day of Equatorial Guinean Vice President Teodorin Nguema Obiang's trial for theft of public funds,money laundering,and other charges that together amount to kleptocracy. As GAB earlierreported,Obiang's lawyers sought to delay the case on procedural grounds and to block Equatorial Guinean citizens from,as French law permits,participating in the prosecution. The court refused both requests.
Even worse for the VP,the court displayed a detailed command of the allegations against him along with a determination to see they are presented at trial.Accusations that have appeared in the media,civil society publications,or elsewhere will now be tested in a formal,judicial proceeding. A finding that they are true,that Obiang did indeed rob the citizens of Equatorial Guinea blind,cannot do anything but embolden courts elsewhere to pursue similar cases while confirming to the world the regime's pariah status.Continue reading
Corruption negatively impacts health outcomes.正如前一个post,corruption is associated with higher infant,child,and maternal mortality,overall poor health,the spread of antibiotic resistance,and many other problems.When we consider the reasons why corruption undermines health,the most obvious include things like theft or diversion of healthcare resources,or how demands for extra "informal" payments to healthcare providers can deprive poor communities of adequate care.There is,however,another important mechanism through which corruption undermines public health: corruption undermines trust in government and government-run services,which in turn can hinder effective health delivery and thereby escalate the spread of infectious diseases,especially in emergency situations like the recent Ebola crisis.Continue reading