内塔尼亚胡试图破坏警方的建议对以色列可能是危险的

Israeli police have been investigating multiple corruption allegations against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu for over a year.First,内塔尼亚胡据称被接受奢侈的礼物,如昂贵的雪茄,香槟,以及富商阿诺米尔坎(ArnonMilchan)的珠宝,以帮助他获得美国的安全。visa.Netanyahu is separately accused of striking a deal with the publisher of the newspaper耶迪奥阿诺洛特,in which Netanyahu would push legislation that would curb competition from a rival paper,and in return耶迪奥阿诺洛特将为内塔尼亚胡政府提供更有利的报道。

最近,以色列警察issued a recommendationthat Netanyahu be charged with bribery,欺诈行为,在这两起腐败案件中违反了信任。或许可以预见到这一潜在的结果,last December Netanyahu downplayed the significance of police recommendations,asserting that the "vast majority of police recommendations end in nothing." Also last December,以色列议会(议会)通过,在内塔尼亚胡支持者的敦促下,一项新的警察建议法进一步限制了警察对起诉书的建议。尽管公众压力最终导致修改,使该法案不适用于当前的调查,it was also seen as prompted in large part by concerns 188bet appabout the possibility,现在认识到,that the police would recommend charges against the Prime Minister.

What,确切地,在以色列对腐败和其他问题的调查中,警188bet app方的建议是否如此重要?To get a better sense of what's going on,it's useful to take a step back and consider what Israel's police recommendations are and whether they serve a useful function.

In the Israeli justice system,当警察结束调查时,they提交a recommendation to the Justice Ministry explaining whether they think the case should result in an indictment.然后,the prosecutors assigned to the case write a detailed option on the matter based on the quality of evidence.The case is reviewed by Justice Ministry senior officials,who form an opinion that they give to the Attorney General.Finally,司法部长对他是否认为政府应该提起公诉作出最终决定。188bet app(这里值得注意的是前两个实例,一个在1997年,另一个在2000年,警方建议内塔尼亚胡和他的妻子被指控涉嫌受贿和贪污,but in both cases the Attorney General declined to indict.)

It's important to recognize that police recommendations have no legal bite;rather,they're a police evaluation of the strength of the evidence against a public official.因此,the biggest immediate impact of police recommendations is the public reaction.And the police recommendations may be especially significant in these politically charged cases,because in Israel the police are independent actors.In contrast,the Attorney General—the one who has the final say on whether to indict an official—may not necessarily be completely neutral,because in addition to being the country's top prosecutor,the Attorney General is also an adviser to the Prime Minister,which may lead the Attorney General,consciously or subconsciously,尽量避免对总理或其他高级政府官员提出指控。A public police recommendation may help counter these tendencies.此外,the police recommendation can be sufficiently politically damaging that the recommendation itself may compel a public official to resign—as was the case,例如,with former Prime Minister Ehud Olmert,who resigned shortly after police recommended that the Attorney General indict him on corruption charges.

内塔尼亚胡在议会的盟友去年提出的新法案,the Police Recommendations Law,curbs the ability of police to issue public recommendations in future investigations.The bill prevents the police,in cases involving elected politicians or high-ranking civil servants,就检察官是否应该起诉提出正式的书面建议,188bet appthough the Attorney General or prosecutor仍然可以请求the police to give an opinion in writing if it's considered to be necessary to make a decision.该法案还规定,泄露警方调查内容的人将被判处最高两年监禁。Supporters of the new law argue that police recommendation can beharmful-甚至在任何正式指控提出之前,都会损害目标的声誉和削弱政治支持。

While this new law doesn't apply to the current cases against Netanyahu,he's adopted another tactic for blunting the political significance of the police recommendations: Taking a page from Donald Trump (to whom he is有时比较),内塔尼亚胡似乎在试图破坏可能使他在此案中承担责任的机构的合法性,通过将对他的腐败指控打上烙印打电话给他们"fake news" andclaiming thatthe police recommendations are a "media witch hunt."

These developments raise serious questions 188bet appabout whether the official police recommendations will continue to serve their traditional checking role in Israeli law and politics.新的法律对警察在未来的高级别调查中进行正式调查的能力施加了重大限制,可能影响公众意见和司法部长决定的公开声明。More troublingly,if Netanyahu successfully dismantles the public's faith in the Israeli criminal justice system,then police recommendations,even if public,may no longer have much impact.

3 thoughts on "内塔尼亚胡试图破坏警方的建议对以色列可能是危险的"

  1. Pingback:Netanyahu's Attempts to Undermine Police Recommendations May Be Dangerous for Israel | Matthews' Blog

  2. Maddie你的分析与美国的公共腐败调查形成了非常有趣的对比。Your post made me curious—how does the Israeli police deal with cooperators?我认为,公共腐败调查至少需要一些只有合作者才能提供的信息。In the U.S.,向潜在合作者提供的胡萝卜可以免除刑事起诉,但如果以色列警方只能建议起诉某人,does the police have any leverage over unwilling cooperators?

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