Presidential Power Grab: Corruption and Democratic Backsliding in Mongolia

Mongolian democracy is in trouble.3月26日,哈尔特马·巴图尔加总统proposed emergency legislationthat would grant the presidency unprecedented powers to dismiss members of the judiciary,检察长,以及国家反腐败机构负责人(反腐败独立机构,188bet app或者IAAC)。一天之后,议会批准了这项立法以34票赞成,6票反对(36名议员缺席或弃权),尽管巴图尔加总统来自民主党,而竞争对手蒙古人民党(MPP)控制着议会。从技术上讲,法律不授予解雇权。直接交给总统,但与其说是由总统组成的三人国家安全委员会(NSC),不如说,首相国会议长,以及一个称为司法总理事会的监督机构。But President Battulga dominates the NSC and personally appoints the members of the Judicial General Council,赋予他有效的权力,随意罢免蒙古的法官和首席执法官员。Sure enough,法律通过后不久,巴图尔加驳回了head of the IAAC,the首席法官of the Supreme Court,以及总检察长。

这个新的立法,对蒙古民主的严重打击,has its origins in corruption,腐败很可能就是它的影响。巴图尔加总统通过声称他自己真的能够解决蒙古严重的腐败问题,诱使议会授予他如此非凡的权力。在他的statement to parliamentintroducing the new legislation,巴图尔加声称,该国的执法领导人是“阴谋系统的一部分”,该系统“以政治议程编造刑事案件”,同时掩盖其他案件。总统指出,蒙古有许多未解决的腐败丑闻,认为司法机构“为提名和任命他们的官员服务”,而不是为公众服务,他认为,降低司法机关的独立性,检察机关,and the IAAC would make those institutions more responsive to the popular will to fight corruption.

巴图尔加总统声称蒙古拥有corruption problem严肃的,perhaps epidemic,proportions.蒙古人定期名单corruptionas one of the country's biggest issues (second only to unemployment in a 2018 survey) andpolitical institutions如议会和政党中最腐败的实体。The past few years have been especially scandal-plagued.During the 2017 presidential campaign,三位候选人面临腐败指控;最令人震惊的是,MPP候选人,直到2019年1月,served as speaker of the Mongolian parliament—was caught on video discussing a plan to sell government offices in a $25 millionbribery scheme.此外,late in 2018,记者们发现politically-connected Mongolians,including somewhere from23四十九在75名在任议员中,一直把为中小型企业提供资金的政府项目当作个人储蓄罐,taking out over a million dollars in low-cost loans.Beyond these scandals,蒙古的执法记录不佳,加剧了其腐败问题。例如,in 2015,只有7% of casesinvestigated by the IAAC resulted in convictions,2018年,IAAC的公共批准空前低.

But is there any reason to believe that President Battulga is right that giving him greater personal control over law enforcement and the judiciary will lead to less corruption?所有的证据都指向不:

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